INKONI YERA: MOTERI Y’ITERAMBERE KU BAFITE UBUMUGA BWO KUTABONA

Kuri uyu wa Kabiri tariki ya 20 Ukwakira 2020, ku Rwego rw’Intara y’Amajyaruguru, mu Karere ka Musanze habereye Inama Nyunguranabitekerezo ijyanye n’Umunsi Mpuzamahanga w’Inkoni Yera, “International White Cane Day”, usanzwe wizihizwa buri mwaka, ku itariki ya 15 Ukwakira, ariko ubu bikaba bitarashobotse kubera ikibazo cy’Icyorezo cya Koronavirusi gikomeje kwibasira Isi, harimo n'Igihugu cyacu, bityo bikaba byaranyujijwe mu nama nk’iyi, mu rwego rwo gukomeza kumenyakanisha iyi nkoni no guharanira Uburenganzira bwabo muri rusange.

Iyi nama yateguwe ku bufatanye n’Umuryango w’Ubumwe Nyarwanda bw’Abantu Bafite Ubumuga bwo Kutabona (RUB: Rwanda Union of the Blind/Union Rwandaise des Aveugles), ku nkunga ya GIZ, yabereye ku Biro by’Akarere, iyobowe n’Umuyobozi w’Akarere ka Musanze Wungirijwe Ushinzwe Imibereho Myiza y’Abaturage, Madamu KAMANZI Axelle, yitabirirwa n’Abayobozi mu Nzego zitandukanye mu Karere n’Abahagarariye Amashyirahamwe 8 y’Abatabona yo mu Ntara y’Amajyaruguru, harimo 2 yo mu Mirenge ya Remera na Gataraga mu Karere ka Musanze.

Aha twakwibaza, tuti: “Inkoni Yera ni iki? Yaturutsehe? Akamaro kayo ni akahe? Kuki hashyizweho uyu Munsi Mpuzamahanga wayo?

Nk’uko byasobanuwe na Bwana Joseph MUNYURANGABO wari uhagarariye RUD, InkoniYera,“White Cane”, ni  inkoni yihariye  itandukanye na ya nkoni y’igiti isanzwe tuzwi, igizwe n’ibice bitatu bifite imimaro itandukanye  igice cyo hejuru cyitwa ikirindi, cyerekana icyerekezo kikanamurinda gufatwa n’amashanyarazi cyangwa gukubitwa n’inkuba kubera ko gikozwe muri plastic, igice cyo hagati twakwita igihimba gifasha mu gihe cya nijoro aho gikora nk’akagarurarumuri kubera ko gikozwe muri aruminiyumu, bityo bigatuma utwaye imodoka amubonera kure akitwararika. Igice cya gatatu, ari nacyo cya nyuma, ni igice cyo hasi bita ijisho, kigenda gikubita hasi kikamenya uko hateye, by’umwihariko nk’ahaba hari igisimu ashobora kuba yagwamo. Aha akaba ari ngombwa cyane kumenya ko izi nkoni ziri amako abiri, zikagira ibice bingana ariko zigatandukanira ku ibara ritukura, riba ku nkoni y’umuntu utabona kandi utanumva.Yahimbiwe mu Gihugu cy’Ubudage mu Bihe by’Intambara ya Kabiri y’Isi Yose, aho amagana y’abantu yari amaze kugira ubumuga butandukanye, harimo na bamwe mu Basirikari bari baramugariye ku rugamba, naho kwizihiza uyu Munsi Mpuzamahanga byemezwa n’Umuryango w’Abibumbye ku itariki ya 15 Ukwakira 1964.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Yakomeje agira, ati: "Iyi nkoni rero ni ikimenyetse kiranga Abatabona, gituma umubonye wese amumenye, bityo akaba yamwunganira igihe cyose bibaye ngombwa. Niyo ibafasha mu rugendo mu buzima bwabo bwa buri munsi, abajya ku ishuri, mu kazi, gusenga, ku isoko, kwa muganga, gusura inshuti n’abavandimwe n’ahandi, bityo bigatuma na we agira uruhare mu iterambere rye bwite, iry’umuryango we n’iry’Igihugu, kubera ko kugira ubumuga bitavuga kudashobora cyangwa kuvutswa uburenganzira runaka."

Ku bijyanye na RUB, uyu Muryango Utegamiye kuri Leta washinzwe mu 1994, utangira gukora ku buryo bwemewe n’Amategeko mu 1995, itangira kwizihiza uyu Munsi muri 2009, ikaba ifite Icyicaro mu Mujyi wa Kigali, mu Karere ka Nyarugenge, mu Murenge wa Muhima, ku Muhanda wa “Poid Lourds”. Kuri ubu, umaze gushinga Amashami 64 mu Gihugu, hirya no hino mu Turere twose uko ari 30, agizwe n’Abanyamaryango 2700 bagizwe n’Abantu Bafite Ubumuga bwo Kutabona ubwabo n’Imiryango yabo.

Mu mbogamizi  zagaragajwe, RUD irifuza ko Inzego z’Ibanze zagira uruhare mu kumenyekanisha iyi nkoni no gusaba ko zajya zishyurwa n’ubwisungane mu kwivuza zikanashyiurwa muri Farumasi  kubera ko zihenze kandi zitumizwa hanze kandi abenshi bakaba bakunze kuba baturuka mu miryango ikennye. Ubundi buvugizi bwifuzwa ni uko mu mategeko y'umuhanda, bazongeramo n'ibimenyetso by'izi nkoni kugira ngo abatwara ibinyabiziga nabo babigireho amakuru ahagije.

Mu ijambo rye, Umushyitsi Mukuru yagize, ati: "Turashimira cyane Ubuyobozi bw'Igihugu cyacu budaheza, burangajwe imbere na Nyakubahwa Perezida wa Repubulika, urajwe ishinga n’iterambere ry’abaturage kandi buri wese abigizemo uruhare. Reka dushimire Abafatanyabikorwa batandukanye bakomeje gufasha Ubuyobozi kurushaho kwihutisha iterambere no kuzamura imibereho myiza y'abaturage, Abafite Ubumuga muri rusange n'Abatabona by'umwihariko bateye iyambere mu kwitinyuka no gutinyura abandi mu guharanira uburenganzira bwabo no gukora ibikorwa  bigaragaza ko koko nabo bashoboye. Turi kumwe,  maze kandi mbizeje ubufatanye mu gukomeza kumenyekanisha iyi nkoni ndetse no mu gukora ubuvugizi mu gukemura imbogamizi zagaragajwe, duharanira ko buri Muturarwanda agira uburenganzira Ubuyobozi bumugomba kandi na we ashobore  kuzuza inshingano ze nk'umuturage."

Biteganijwe ko mu Ntara y'Amajyaruguru hazatangwa inkoni 142 binyuze mu Mashyirahamwe yabo, bakaba bishimiye inyunganizi nk’iyi bajyaga bumva mu magambo ariko bakumva ko kuyigira ari inzozi, bityo bagasaba ko yagera no kuri bose.

Bwana Joseph asobanura iby'izi nkoni

Umuyobozi w'Akarere Wungirije ahereza inkoni umwe mu Bagenerwabikorwa